Updated: Sep 2
Constantine became emperor in 306 AD and ruled for 31 years. According to tradition, just before the battle of the Milvian Bridge (Rome) in 312, he experienced a vision of a flaming cross with the inscription ”In his sign conquer”.
Battle of the Milvian Bridge
The Battle of the Milvian Bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius on 28 October 312. It takes its name from the Milvian Bridge, an important route over the Tiber. Constantine won the battle and started on the path that led him to end the Tetrarchy and become the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Maxentius drowned in the Tiber during the battle
The Arch of Constantine (Italian: Arco di Costantino) is a triumphal arch in Rome dedicated to the emperor Constantine the Great. The arch was commissioned by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in AD 312. Situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill, the arch spans the Via triumphalis, the route taken by victorious military leaders when they entered the city in a triumphal procession. Dedicated in 315, it is the largest Roman triumphal arch.. The arch was built right next to The Coliseum where Christians were once killed for sport. there are no crosses anywhere. In other words, there is no trace of Christianity on the monument at all.
Pagan Gods on Triumphal Arch dedicated to the emperor Constantine
1.Bellona Bellona is the Roman goddess of war. Deified mortal. Jupiter and Juno Mars
2.Victoria Victoria is the Roman goddess of victory ... Abstract deity . Adapted from Sabine ... Pallas (Greek) and Styx (Greek)
3.Tiberinus is a figure in Roman mythology. He was the god of the Tiber river. He was added to the 3,000 rivers (sons of Oceanus and Tethys), as the genius of the Tiber.
the origial fisrt account their was no mention of a vision of a cross or a dream, this video explains it on YOUTUBE, from time to look at on video are from 22:28 - 24:22
Constantine's coversion story
''One day, while he was in front of his tent with his offi cers and troops around him, he had a vision of an enormous cross of fire in the heavens. On one side of the cross were the words, in the Greek language: “By this, conquer.” The words are sometimes given in the Latin form In hoc signo vinces, the translation of which is “By this sign thou shalt conquer.”
Constantine was astonished at the wonderful vision, and he gazed at it until it faded away. He could not understand what it meant and was greatly troubled. But that night he dreamed that Christ appeared to him in robes of dazzling white, bearing a cross in his hands and that he promised Constantine victory over his enemies if he would make the cross his standard.
Constantine now declared himself a Christian and had a standard made in the form of a cross with a banner attached to it bearing the initial letters of the name of Christ. This banner was called the Labarum, and it was afterwards the standard of the Roman emperors.''
From Eusephius,two accounts of the battle survive. The first, shorter one in the Ecclesiastical History promotes the belief that the Christian God helped Constantine but does not mention any vision. In his later Life of Constantine, Eusebius gives a detailed account of a vision and stresses that he had heard the story from the Emperor himself. According to this version, Constantine with his army was marching (Eusebius does not specify the actual location of the event, but it clearly is not in the camp at Rome), when he looked up to the sun and saw a cross of light above it, and with it the Greek words " Ἐν Τούτῳ Νίκα", En toutō níka, usually translated into Latin as "in hoc signo vinces". The literal meaning of the phrase in Greek is "in this (sign), conquer" while in Latin it's "in this sign, you shall conquer"; a more free translation would be "Through this sign [you shall] conquer". At first he was unsure of the meaning of the apparition, but in the following night he had a dream in which Christ explained to him that he should use the sign against his enemies. Eusebius then continues to describe the labarum, the military standard used by Constantine in his later wars against Licinius, showing the Chi-Rho sign.-
The accounts of the two contemporary authors, though not entirely consistent, have been merged into a popular notion of Constantine seeing the Chi-Rho sign on the evening before the battle. Both authors agree that the sign was not widely understandable to denote Christ (although among the Christians, it was already being used in the catacombs along with other special symbols to mark and/or decorate Christian tombs). Its first imperial appearance is on a Constantinian silver coin from c. 317, which proves that Constantine did use the sign at that time, though not very prominently. He made more extensive use of the Chi-Rho and the Labarum later, during the conflict with Licinius.
The Donation of Constantine is a forged Roman imperial decree (Diplom) by which the 4th-century emperor Constantine the Great supposedly transferred authority over Rome and the western part of the Roman Empire to the Pope. Composed probably in the 8th century, it was used, especially in the 13th century, in support of claims of political authority by the papacy. In many of the existing manuscripts (handwritten copies of the document), including the oldest one, the document bears the title Constitutum domini Constantini imperatoris. The Donation of Constantine was included in the 9th-century collection Pseudo-Isidorean Decretals.
Lorenzo Valla, an Italian Catholic priest and Renaissance humanist, is credited with first exposing the forgery with solid philological arguments in 1439–1440 although the document’s authenticity had been repeatedly contested since 1001.
In every decision to destroy a pagan temple it was written that the place could not exist because it was a site of misguided rites and ceremonies – a place of true obstinacy. He never outright banned pagan rituals like sacrifices, but only closed and destroyed important temples when the bishops felt the sites were dangerous to their own faith.
Apart from his political motives to support the growing army of priests, Constantine may have had a secret. What is more interesting, is that it seems that the bishop of Rome knew about it and supported him in this hidden aspect of his life. The truth was that Constantine outwardly supported the new religion but still worshiped the sun and pagan symbols.
After his official conversion to Christianity in 312, Constantine built his triumphal arch in Rome. It is interesting that it wasn’t dedicated to the symbols of Christianity, but to the Unconquered Sun. During his reign, he changed many aspects connected with pagan cults , but that doesn’t mean that he stopped the cultivation of old traditions.
He often named them differently, but still allowed for pagan practices in many ways. For example, in 321 Constantine legislated that the celebration of the Day of the Sun should be a state holiday – a day off for everyone.
Constantine’s rise to power began in what is Northern England today (which would have been the outskirts of the Roman territory). In that area there is a place called Hadrian’s Wall on the Scottish border, where there are many remains of Roman forts. It is among these ruins that there are signs of Christians in the Roman army. As part of the evidence, crosses were discovered carved in what would have been barracks in which the Roman soldiers lived. It is also likely there were Christians in Maxentius’ army as well. There is evidence which suggests the image of Maxentius as being an evil tyrant was fabricated. Is it possible the image of Constantine as a Christian has also been fabricated?
There is evidence that suggests Constantine’s vision was a postscript to his victory over Maxentius. While Constantine was alive, there was only one church father that recorded the events of his life. His name was Eusephius. He was Constantine’s sole biographer and his right hand man in the Christian world. According to Constantine, it was at the Milvian Bridge that he had his vision of the cross and dream in which Jesus approached him, inspiring him to win the battle and change the world, but in Eusephius’ depiction of the account of the bridge and the battle, he doesn’t mention Constantine’s vision or dream at all, that is, not until years later.
Constantine held a banquet for leaders of the Christian church in the year 325 (13 years after the battle of the Milvian Bridge). It was then that Constantine tells the story of the vision and dream where Jesus himself comes to him to explain the vision. It has quite an impact on Eusephius (who later writes it down) and his fellow bishops. He compares the vision told at the banquet to the coming of Jesus, which makes Constantine a Christ-like figure. He turned his so called vision into history and it was propagated in art; Mythology becoming history.
Emperor Constantine's 6 Major Changes to Christianity
1. Constantine changed the place of the Resurrection of Christ.
2. Constantine changed the time of the Resurrection of Christ.
3. Constantine changed the time of the birth of Christ.
4. Constantine changed the Scriptural method of becoming a Christian.
5. Constantine changed the relationship of Christianity to the state.
6. Constantine changed the headquarters from Jerusalem to Rome or Constantinople.
Constantine built many churches. He celebrated faith in one (Christian) God and his son Jesus by creating many of the greatest churches in the world, including: St. Peter’s in Rome, The Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, The Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, The Eleona on the Mount of Olives, The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, and others.
By the decree of Constantine Christianity became the official religion of Rome in 324.